Citrix虚拟化实战培训 XenServer

首页 课程分类 虚拟化-云计算

培训费用:¥ 4800

培训周期:18 课时




In the Citrix XenServer 6.0 classroom training course, you are provided with the foundation necessary to effectively install, configure, administer, and troubleshoot XenServer 6.0. You will also learn how to configure a Provisioning Services 6.0 host, and create and manage vDisks in a XenServer environment. Through the use of hands-on labs, you will acquire the skills needed to configure the Distributed Virtual Switch (DVS) as well as Workload Balancing (WLB). You will also create and manage Windows virtual machines and the resource pools in which you will be placed.


This course is for IT professionals, Administrators, Architects, and Systems Engineers

At Course Completion:

Upon successful completion of this course, students are able to:

- Install and Implement XenServer

- Create and Manage Networks

- Configure Storage

- Manage and Maintain Virtual Machines

- Install and Configure Provisioning Services

- Manage vDisks and Target Devices

- Implement Resource Pools

- Implement the Distributed Virtual Switch (DVS)

- Implement Workload Balancing (WLB)

- Configure High Availability

- Manage and Troubleshooting XenServer

Course outline:

Module 1: Introduction to XenServer

XenServer Product Line

Product Simplification

Product Simplification

Architectural Changes

Virtual Appliances and Broader Vendor Support

Microsoft System Center Integration

XenDesktop Integration

Enhanced Operating System Support

Other Enhancements and Improvements

XenServer Architecture Overview

XenCenter Overview

Resource Pools

XenServer Storage Overview

XenServer Networking Overview

Provisioning Services Overview

Module 2: Installing and Configuring XenServer

XenServer Installation

Virtual Machine Storage

Installing Single and Multiple Disk Systems

Installing XenServer

Pre-Installation Checklist

XenServer Installation Process


Configuring NTP

XenCenter Installation and Management Consoles

XenCenter Consoles

XenServer Licensing Components

License File Management

Citrix License Server Virtual Appliance

Obtaining License Files

License Management Console

Managing XenServer Users

Key Benefits of Active Directory Integration

Configuring Active Directory Integration

End-User Authentication Using Active Directory

Active Directory Integration

External Authentication Process

Role-Based Access Control


Security Logs

Module 3: XenServer Networking

XenServer Networking Overview

Network Stacks Supported by XenServer

Network Components and Architecture

Network Architecture Diagram

Network Adapter Drivers

Private-Server and External Networks

VLAN Support and Components 3

Initial Network Setup

NIC Bond

NIC Bonding Architecture

Load Balancing

NIC Bond Configuration for Resource Pools

Module 4: XenServer Storage Repositories

Storage Technologies

Virtual Disk Image Formats

Storage Technology Comparison

XenServer Storage Architecture

Storage Repository Architecture

Multiple Storage Repositories

Local Storage Repositories

Virtual Disk Size

Storage Capability Comparison

NFS Storage Overview

NFS Architecture

NFS Virtual Disks

NFS Remote Storage Configuration and Recommendations

iSCSI Storage Overview

iSCSI Architecture

iSCSI Adapters

iSCSI Setup Configuration and Recommendations

Resizing a Storage Repository

Resizing a Storage Repository - iSCSI

Resizing a Storage Repository - HBA

Fibre Channel SANs Overview

Fibre Channel Architecture

LUN Device Path

Dedicated NIC Bonds for Remote Storage

Dedicated Remote Storage Interface Configuration

Storage Multipathing

Citrix StorageLink Overview

Citrix StorageLink Storage Repository

StorageLink Supported Array Types

Upgrading to StorageLink with XenServer

Module 5: Creating and Managing Virtual Machines

Windows Virtual Machine Architecture

Virtual Memory and Disk Size Limits for Windows Virtual Machines

Virtual Device Support for Windows Virtual Machines

Installation from an ISO

ISO Libraries

To Create a Windows Virtual Machine

Linux Distributions

Creating Linux Virtual Machines

XenServer Tools

XenServer Tools for Windows Virtual Machines

XenServer Tools for Linux Virtual Machines

To Install XenServer Tools

Life Cycle Operations

Suspend and Resume

Deleting a Virtual Machine

Virtual Machine Templates

Virtual Machine Snapshots

To Create a Template from a Windows Virtual Machine

Creating a Template from a Linux Virtual Machine

Exporting a Virtual Machine

Copying a Virtual Machine

Assigning Resources to a Virtual Machine

Importing a Virtual Machine 4

Modifying Virtual Machine or Template Resources

Virtual Disks

Virtual Disk Sizes

Virtual NICs

Virtual CPUs


Virtual Appliance Packages

To Create Virtual Appliances

Exporting an Appliance Package

To Export an Appliance Package

Importing an Appliance Package

To Import an Appliance Package

XenConvert Overview

Physical Machine Conversion

Converting from Physical to Virtual Machine .

Performing a PV Conversion

Dynamic Memory Control

Dynamic Memory Control Optimization

Static Memory Range

DMC Behavior when Launching New Virtual Machines

Module 6: Installing and Configuring Provisioning Services

Provisioning Services Technology

Provisioning Services for XenServer

Citrix Provisioning Services Components

Citrix Provisioning Services Infrastructure

Provisioning Services Administration

Administrative Roles

Key Services

DHCP Deployment Options

DHCP Configuration

Installation Planning

Provisioning Services Farm Design


SQL Database Server

SQL Database Authentication and Configuration

Configuration Wizard User Permissions

Service Account Permissions



Storage Requirements

Sample vDisk Storage Requirements

Provisioning Services Installation

Provisioning Services Configuration

Store Configuration

Provisioning Services Hosts in the Console

Target Device Connections

Server Properties

Target Device Collection

Target Device Template

Target Device Properties

Target Device Additions to the Database

Auto-Add Wizard

Active Directory Integration

Domain Password Validation Process

Automatic Password Renegotiation

To Integrate Active Directory

To Reset Computer Accounts for Target Devices

Module 7: Managing vDisks and Target Devices

vDisk Image Modes

Standard Image Mode 5

Private Image Mode

Write Caches

Write-Cache Types

Cache on Server Disk

Cache on Server Disk: Local Storage

Cache on Server Disk: Shared Storage

Cache on Target Device Hard Drive

Cache on Target Device Hard Drive: Local Storage

Cache on Target Device Hard Drive: Shared Storage

Target Device-based RAM Cache

Target Device RAM

Cache Persistent on Server

Microsoft Licensing for Provisioning Services

Master Target Device

Preparing a Master Target Device

Preparing the Hard Disk of the Master Target Device

Configuring the BIOS of a Master Target Device

To Configure the BIOS of a Master Target Device

Installing Master Target Device Software

Imaging a Windows Target Device with XenConvert

vDisk File Creation

vDisk Lifecycle Operations

VHD Formats

Create vDisks Automatically Using Imaging Wizard

To Create a New vDisk Automatically Using the Imaging Wizard

Creating a vDisk Manually

vDisk Management

Assigning vDisks to Target Devices

To Assign a vDisk to a Single Target Device

vDisk Versions

vDisk Backup

vDisk Updates

Autoupdate Tool

vDisk Update Management Requirements

To Install Updates Automatically

Incremental Update Rollback

vDisk Replication

vDisk Inventory Service

High Availability Overview

Provisioning Services Failover

Configuring the Boot File for High Availability

Adding Provisioning Services Hosts to the Boot File

Enabling High Availability on vDisks

To Provide Provisioning Services Hosts with Access to Stores

Considerations for Offline Database Support

To Enable Offline Database Support

Stream Logging

To Enable Logging

Troubleshoot vDisk Images

Module 8: Implementing Resource Pools

Resource Pools

Pool Member Types .

Resource Pool Communication

Homogeneous Pools

Heterogeneous Pools

Shared Configurations

Adding a Host to a Resource Pool .

To Add a Member to a Resource Pool

To Remove a Secondary Member from a Resource Pool

XenMotion 6

Migrating a Virtual Machine or Template .

Pool Member Failure Overview .

Failure Detection Process

To Promote a Secondary Member to a Master

Module 9: Distributed Virtual Switching

Distributed Virtual Switching Features

Distributed Virtual Switching Components

vSwitch Controller Virtual Appliance Deployment

Accessing the vSwitch Controller

vSwitch Controller Configuration .

High Availability

Monitoring Network Activity

Viewing Flow Statistics

Exporting NetFlow Statistics

Managing Address Groups and Virtual Machine Groups

Distributed Virtual Switching Policy Configuration Hierarchy

Access Control List Policies

Access Control Policies Hierarchy

Defining Access Control List Rules

Access Control List Rule Enforcement Order

Configuring Fail Modes

Setting Up Port Configuration Policies

Configuring QoS

Configuring RSPAN

To Configure RSPAN

Configuring Mac Address Spoof Checking

Cross-Server Private Networks

Cross-Server Private Network Requirements

XenMotion with Cross-Server Private Networks

Recovering from a Failed vSwitch Controller

Module 10: Workload Balancing

Workload Balancing Overview

Workload Balancing Key Concepts

Workload Balancing Components

To Download the Workload Balancing Virtual Appliance

Import Considerations for the Workload Balancing Virtual Appliance

Workload Balancing Configuration

To Update Workload Balancing Credentials

Connecting to the Workload Balancing Virtual Appliance

Workload Balancing Access Control Permissions

Workload Balancing Settings

Critical Thresholds

Critical Threshold Evaluation and Edit

Metric Weighting

Fixed and Scheduled Optimization Modes

Optimization Recommendations

Workload Balancing Power Management

Power Management Behavior

Power Management and Virtual Machine Consolidation

To Apply Optimization Recommendations Automatically

Optimal Server Selection

Host Exclusion from Recommendations

Module 11: Configuring High Availability

High Availability Requirements

High Availability Considerations

Restart Priorities

Server Failure Tolerance


Host Fencing

Disaster Recovery 7

Disaster Preparedness and Response

Backup and Recovery of XenServer Hosts and Virtual Machines


Backing Up a Pool Installation

To Restore a Pool Installation

Backing Up Virtual Machines as Snapshots

To Take a Snapshot of a Virtual Machine

To Restore a Running XenServer Host

Listing Snapshots Using the Command-line Interface

Deleting a Snapshot

Restoring a Virtual Machine from a Snapshot

Module 12: Managing and Troubleshooting XenServer

Command-line Interface Overview

Command-line Interface Operations Targets

Command-line Interface Basics

Command-line Interface Shortcuts

XenServer Menu-Driven Text Console

Monitoring XenServer

Using the XenTop Utility to Monitor Host and Virtual Machine Performance

Logging to a Remote Syslog Server

To Log Using a Remote Syslog Server

Events and Alerts

Alert Customization

Persistent XenServer Performance Statistics

Performance Statistics in XenCenter

XenServer Logs and Reports

XenCenter Event Logs

Server Status Reports

Xen-Bugtool Utility

XenServer Crashdump Overview

Generating the Crashdump File in the Command-Line Interface

Running a Network Trace and Triggering a Memory Dump

XenServer Updates and Hotfixes

Update or Hotfix Considerations

To Update XenServer Hosts Using XenCenter

To Update Hosts or Pool Using the Command-line Interface

Rolling Pool Upgrade

Planning a Rolling Upgrade

Workload Balancing Reports Overview

Workload Balancing Reports